Brown rice, commonly referred to as hulled rice, is a form of whole grain that is widely consumed across the world. Brown rice offers more nutrition than the white rice, as well as a more complex and robust flavour. What sets brown rice apart from its white counterpart is in its method of processing. Brown rice is processed by only removing the hull of the grain, producing brown rice. White rice, however, is further milled and includes the removal of the bran and germ layers.
Brown rice is a source of dietary fiber, protein, thiamin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, pantothenic acid, and numerous minerals including, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, copper, manganese and selenium.
Reduce the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease
The essential oils found in brown rice have been shown to help lower total cholesterol as well as LDL cholesterol in the system.
Folate and vitamin B6 promote the proper functioning of the cardiovascular system. Studies have shown that a deficiency of folate, which causes the accumulation of the amino acid homocysteine in the body, significantly increases the risk for heart disease. Homocysteine promotes atherosclerosis by promoting the deterioration of arterial walls as well as promoting blood clot formation. The dietary fiber content in brown rice further helps reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.
Preventing Birth Defects
The adequate intake of folate (a B vitamin commonly known as folic acid in supplement form) is critical in the prevention of birth defects, such as neural tube defect. Folate consumption is critical for women who are pregnant or planning on becoming pregnant. Folate deficiency is associated with the increase risk of birth defects, such as neural tube defect and Spina Bifida.
Brown Rice: High Source of Fiber
Brown Rice is a source of dietary fiber. Fiber may help with weight management, as well as keep your digestive health in check. Fiber also acts to prevent constipation, help lower cholesterol levels, reduce cancer risk, as well as relieve other gastro-intestinal issues. Specifically, consuming regular amounts of high fiber foods, such as brown rice, may help reduce cancer risk.
Rich Source of Manganese
Brown rice contains the trace mineral manganese, which is a critical component in energy production in the body. Manganese is required for bone health, and is used in the formation of both fatty acids and cholesterol. Manganese also plays a role in the maintenance of nerves, and protects the body from oxidative damage.
Source of Selenium
Brown rice is a rich source of selenium, which acts along with fiber to help lower certain forms of cancer including colon cancer. Selenium also works with vitamin E to act as a powerful antioxidant, which in turn protects the body from heart disease, atherosclerosis and stroke. Selenium also plays a role in protecting against inflammation and thus provides relief from the symptoms of arthritis.